A technology is a fresh engineering process with a functional bent. These processes
as a rule - divide the audience into two distinct camps. They are the users & the non-users.
Honestly, I jokingly refer to myself as a ''tool user' for the sort of work represented here. However,
I generally would not consider buying these new tools - but espouse the concept of flexible outsourcing
of fabrication using a proven cost effective approach.
The most common users of a modern technology are the original developers & their peers. Typically
these applications are functional in focus; the creators are applied scientists & engineering specialists.
The other camp or audience observes these new inventions with an aura of magic or fear. This is a
synergistic problem, because lay people do not understand the process or have mastery over them - yet.
CONSIDER HOW WIDELY USED TECHNOLOGIES HAVE EVOLVED INTO TOOLS.
CONSIDER THE TYPICAL DIFFERENCE OF HOW TOOLS ARE USED - VERSUS A TECHNOLOGY.
A technology starts out as a precious process controlling the need for labor & the creation of useful goods.
These rely on or concentrate knowledge & power. As they are widely accessed, they become ''tools''.
Tools are what the average person can fathom & access. Human nature is generally to apply flexible
aesthetics or art to things when technologies become tools. Traditional versus modern tool choice is controlled
by the ability of the user to easily accomplish their vision & end goal taking into account a variety of factors:
time, energy, cost, labor, materials & budget.
Personal favorites to consider are paper, pencil, the wheel, the hammer & data exchange format files.
The first two and the last two are greatly represented here in their ability to solve problems related to
design & fabrication of architecture & building. The drawing above is part of a client presentation for a current
project. The drawing is both computer and hand drawn, using both pencil, paper, and .data exchange format files
created by the artist. Personally, I enjoy calligraphy & lettering by hand - so the final touches in client presentations
are generally hand lettered & detailed. Also, it takes me less time..
PAPER or PAPYRUS was once more valuable than gold. Today, it is an industrialized societie's greatest
waste product. Writing was knowledge & the ability to put knowledge to paper preserving it is a foundation
of what we consider civilization. Before paper - clay tablets & stone were inscribed with iconic images &
the heiroglyphs of scribes. The earliest forms of flat & lightweight materials for writing were created in China,
Asia Minor (now Turkey) & ancient Egypt.
The PENCIL was developed in the mid-16th century as a laminated piece of soft natural coal between two
trimmed pieces of wood. Contemporary pencils are typically mandarin yellow as the direct result of a
marketing move by Kooh-i-Noor well over a century ago. It became an adapted standard used by other pencil
manufacturers so much that today, virtually all pencils are yellow - a cultural icon of that technology & company.
A pencil sketch is the most practical way to put an idea to paper as a rendering for architectural
concepts or construction at the earliest stage. It is a precurser to presenting ideas in a computerized format
such as CAD or eventual CAM.
The WHEEL is an invention of the Sumerians (Uruk, Iraq) sometime around 3,850 B.C. They also are
attributed the invention of bricks, copper smelting, bronze, cuneiform writing (wedge shaped pictographs)
& the arch and vault in construction.
The HAMMER I have not been able to trace to its humble beginnings, but in the late 19th century the United States
exhibited a variety of specific use hammers at the World Expositions in Paris & London as "technology". In a
succession of technologies, the hammer is passing from cost effectiveness in a wide scale to create artful
aesthetics for building. Its passage is represented in great part by the appearance of modern architecture that is
rectilinear, simple and lacking the subtle detailing and ornament of historic architecture. Continued dependence
on the hammer or other hand tools to create graceful components greatly contributes to the high cost of modern